Emulsion Treating Part.2

Emulsion-Treating Methods An emulsion-treating unit or system will use one or more of the methods to aid in destabilizing, coalescence, and/or gravity separation. Each of these treating methods is discussed separately below. Heating. Using heat to treat crude-oil emulsions has four basic benefits: Heat reduces the viscosity of the oil, which allows the water droplets to collide […]


Emulsion Treating Part.1

      Most of the world’s oil reservoirs now produce a mixture of oil and water. The liquids are subjected to shear forces through pumps or other lifting methods, or are sheared as they pass through pressure-reducing devices in the production line. The shear forces disperse one liquid into the other with variations in drop size and […]

crude oil treatment

Crude Oil Treatment

Crude Oil Treatment   Electrostatic & Mechanical Treaters Introduction After primary oil/water separation, there is often a small amount  of unwanted salts in residual water in the crude oil that needs to be reduced to a concentration around 5-10 PTB (Pounds per Thousand Barrels) salt. This salt needs to be removed so that the crude oil […]

heavy oil

Heavy Oil

        Heavy oil is a type of petroleum that is different from conventional  petroleum insofar as they are much more difficult to recover from the subsurface reservoir. Heavy oil, particularly heavy oil formed by biodegradation of organic deposits, are found in shallow reservoirs, formed by unconsolidated sands. This characteristic, which brings about difficulties during well […]

Oil Trading

Oil Trading Books the biggest collection of FREE books about oil trading, trading strategies, crude oil price , energy trading risk management, oil markets, oil contracts , market basics, oil trading strategy, crude oil markets, and so on. all you have to do, is to choose the required book then click on DOWNLOAD under the […]

التصميم الداخلي لعازلة أفقية

Gas–Oil Separators part. 1

Commercial Types of Gas–Oil Separator Based on the configuration, the most common types of separator are horizontal, vertical, and spherical, Large horizontal gas–oil separators are used almost exclusively in processing well fluids in the Middle East, where the gas–oil ratio of the producing fields is high. Multistage GOSPs normally consists of three or more separators. The following is a […]

crude Tank

Crude Oil Stabilization and Sweetening

Once degassed and dehydrated–desalted, crude oil is pumped to gathering facilities to be stored in storage tanks. However, if there are any dissolved gases that belong to the light or the intermediate hydrocarbon groups it will be necessary to remove these gases along with hydrogen sulfide (if present in the crude) before oil can be stored. This process is […]

paraffin oil

Oilfield Paraffin and Asphaltene

Paraffin control products prevent crude oil precipitation of paraffin wax deposits in production risers, subsea tie-backs, or any other production tubular or transportation pipeline. Paraffin – Asphaltenes and Inhibitors Some formulation products are wax crystal modifiers that prevent paraffin formation by interfering with the bonding of aliphatic wax molecules. Composed of branched chain polymers, these […]

Petroleum Books Page 2

this section is for petroleum books such as petroleum production – petroleum fields – petroleum engineers – sludge treatment – H2S – Oil spills and many other books related to oil and natural gas industry. Handbook of Petroleum Processing Download Production Technology Part.1 – Heriot Watt University      Download Production Technology Part.2 – Heriot […]

Petroleum Books Page 1

this section is for petroleum books such as petroleum production – petroleum fields – petroleum engineering – oil well – gas well and many other books related to oil and natural gas industry. Surface Production Operations Part.1       Download Surface Production Operations Part.2     Download   Standard Handbook of Petroleum & Natural Gas […]

Crude Oil Refinery distillation Movies

Wet Crude Treatment Plant  Produced by our website team Download     what is Crude Oil? Download Link 1      Download Link 2 How Crude Oil Cracking Works download Wellhead Installation Download Cracking and Reforming in Petroleum Refining Download Link 1      Download Link 2 Fluid Catalytic Cracking Download Link 1     […]

Petroleum Treatment Equipment Books

a collection of free books about the equipment used in oil and natural gas industry Pressure Vessels: Rules of Construction of Pressure Vessels  51 MB  Download Rules on the Selection of Pressure Vessels and Equipment Download Pressure Vessels Design and Practice Handbook Download Pressure Vessels Download Separation Equipment – Separators Gravity Separation Download Handbook of […]

crude oil

Crude Oil Components

    On average, crude oil are made of the following elements or compounds: Carbon – 84% Hydrogen – 14% Sulfur – 1 to 3% (hydrogen sulfide, sulfides, disulfides, elemental sulfur) Nitrogen – less than 1% (basic compounds with amine groups) Oxygen – less than 1% (found in organic compounds such as carbon dioxide, phenols, […]

crude oil

What is Crude Oil

      Petroleum, meaning literally “rock oil,” is the term used to describe a myriad of hydrocarbon-rich fluids that have accumulated in subterranean reservoirs. (also called crude oil) varies dramatically in color, odor, and flow properties that reflect the diversity of its origin. Petroleum products are any petroleum-based products that can be obtained by […]

AONG website

Arab Oil and Natural Gas website Petroleum Books Section Our website AONG contains hundreds of free petroleum books, they are classified into different sections. divided to many categories , sections and sub sections, easy download. this section contains more than 2500 FREE books, it is the biggest collection ever at the web.   Petroleum Movies […]