Category «Petroleum – English»

Surface & Subsurface Production Equipments and Accessories

oil well

Surface Production Equipment –   Well head –   X-mass tree Subsurface Production Equipment –  Tubing –  Packer –  Bridge Plug –  Safety Valve Production Wellheads The surface termination of a wellbore that incorporates facilities for installing casing hangers during the well construction phase. The wellhead also incorporates a means of hanging the production tubing …

what are Emulsions

Emulsion

Removing water from crude oil often requires additional processing beyond gravitational separation. In selecting a treating system, several factors should be considered to determine the most desirable methods of treating the crude oil to contract requirements. Some of these factors are: Tightness of the emulsion. Specific gravity of the oil and produced water. Corrosiveness of …

Crude Oil Price

crude price

Crude Oil Price First of all we have to understand the Classification of Petroleum Products. The petroleum products that may be subject to evaluation can be grouped as: crude oil – natural gas – associated products Crude oil is a liquid composite of many hydrocarbon compounds that, depending on the composition, has differing properties such …

Petroleum Traps part 1

In addition to the requirement that source rock exists for the generation of hydrocarbons, and that reservoir rock exists for the storage and production of the generated hydrocarbons, traps must also exist to trap, or seal, the hydrocarbon in place forming a hydrocarbon reservoir. The fluids of the subsurface migrate according to density. As previously …

Effective and Relative Permeability

Porosity

Mustafa AbdulSattar           When there is only one type of fluid flowing through porous media, the permeability for this case is called “absolute permeability.” However, when there is more than one type of fluids present in a rock, a permeability of each fluid to flow is decreased because another fluid will be moving in …

HSE in Drilling

HSE

An effective HSE program is characterized by no injury to people, no loss of property, and no harm to the environment. Great HSE performance is anindication of great leadership. It is much more than statistics, although measurements are necessary to facilitate performance improvement. HSE must be considered a core responsibility for all business participants, operators, …

What is Crude Oil

crude oil

      Petroleum, meaning literally “rock oil,” is the term used to describe a myriad of hydrocarbon-rich fluids that have accumulated in subterranean reservoirs. (also called crude oil) varies dramatically in color, odor, and flow properties that reflect the diversity of its origin. Petroleum products are any petroleum-based products that can be obtained by …

Geophysical Techniques

Geophysics

Author: Mustafa AbdulSattar Gravitational, Magnetic, Radioactive and Thermal are depend on the rock inherent properties Like (Density, Magnetism, temperature and radioactive properties) —-Passive Electric–natural Currents or Artificial Electrical Source—passive Seismic-Artificial Source of Energy —Active   The Gravity Method: The weight of any body depends on the force of gravity at the spot. The force of …