• Solid bed gas dehydration
    Natural Gas - English

    Gas Dehydration by Solid Beds method

     DEHYDRATION BY SOLID BEDS GENERAL This plant employs the same adsorbent materials used in the short cycle solid bed plant. The only difference between the two plants is the operating time. As a matter of fact, using the sova-bead as an adsorbent for a short time, we find that it adsorbs mainly hydrocarbons vapors (STRIPPING) on the contrary with the absorption time increasing, the sova-bead mainly segregates the water vapors, which will remove the drops of hydrocarbons that had been previously absorbed (DEHYDRATING). Scheme and Functioning In addition to water vapor, this kind of plant can also remove traces of hydrocarbon vapors such as C4, C5 and C6. The equipment used for a complete gas dehydration plant…

  • pipe corrosion
    Petroleum - English

    How Corrosion Happens in Oil and Gas Industry

    Internal Corrosion in Oil and Gas Production Facilities  Before talking about corrosion in oil and gas facilities, we have to define some of the main sections of these facilities: Gathering System and Manifolds Unit – Gather the flowlines that convey the liquid and/or gaseous hydrocarbons coming from production wells. – Send the product, by means of block valves and in safety conditions, on the production or test manifold to the treatment Units.     Separation Unit – Separation tests and relevant measures. – Carry out the production tests on the single wells. – Analysis of oil phases, salted water and associated gas, separated under determinate pressure and temperature conditions; –…

  • Oil Gas Separator
    Petroleum - English

    Liquid Carry-over and Gas-blowby in oil gas separators

          when we talk about oil gas separators in the modern designs of GOPS, the designers took into consideration all operation problems, by adding high sensitivity control valves, and accurate pressure and level indicators which decreased these problems to the minimum, most operation problems now are occurring because of bad operation, human mistakes, or any malfunction of these control valves. Carry Over in Oil-Gas Separator:     In simple words Liquid Carry Over means: exit of crude oil droplets with the gas already separated from oil; this will lead to a very black smoke from the flare; and burning the small amounts of oil from time to time, it…

  • flare
    Equipment- English

    Flare Types and Components

        Introduction Flaring is a volatile organic compound (VOC) combustion control process in which the VOCs are piped to a remote, usually elevated, location and burned in an open flame in the open air using a specially designed burner tip, auxiliary fuel, and steam or air to promote mixing for nearly complete (> 98%) VOC destruction. Completeness of combustion in a flare is governed by flame temperature, residence time in the combustion zone, turbulent mixing of the components to complete the oxidation reaction, and available oxygen for free radical formation. Combustion is complete if all VOCs are converted to carbon dioxide and water. Incomplete combustion results in some of the VOC being unaltered or converted…

  • Separator
    Petroleum - English

    Three-Phase Oil–Water–Gas Separators

    3-Phase Oil-Gas-Water Separators in general, to the separation of any gas–liquid system such as gas–oil, gas–water, and gas–condensate systems. In almost all production operations, however, the produced fluid stream consists of three phases: oil, water, and gas. Generally, water produced with the oil exists partly as free water and partly as water-in-oil emulsion. in both cases it should be removed or reduced to the minimum because it affects the Crude Oil Price, In some cases, however, when the water– oil ratio is very high, oil-in-water rather than water-in-oil emulsion will form. Free water produced with the oil is defined as the water that will settle and separate from the oil by gravity. To separate the emulsified water, however,…

  • Separator
    Petroleum - English

    Gas–Oil Separators part. 2

      Inlet Diverters Inlet diverters are used to cause the initial bulk separation of liquid and gas. The most common type is the baffle plate diverter, which could be in the shape of a flat plate, a spherical dish, or a cone. Another type, is the centrifugal diverter; it is more efficient but more expensive. The diverter provides a means to cause a sudden and rapid change of momentum (velocity and direction) of the entering fluid stream. This, along with the difference in densities of the liquid and gas, causes fluids separation. Wave Breakers In long horizontal separators, waves may develop at the gas–liquid interface. This creates unsteady fluctuations in the liquid level and would negatively affect…

  • التصميم الداخلي لعازلة أفقية
    Petroleum - English

    Gas–Oil Separators part. 1

    Commercial Types of Gas–Oil Separator Based on the configuration, the most common types of separator are horizontal, vertical, and spherical, Large horizontal gas–oil separators are used almost exclusively in processing well fluids in the Middle East, where the gas–oil ratio of the producing fields is high. Multistage GOSPs normally consists of three or more separators. The following is a brief description of some separators for some specific applications. In addition, the features of what is known as ‘‘modern’’ GOSP are highlighted. Test Separators These units are used to separate and measure at the same time the well fluids. Potential test is one of the recognized tests for measuring the quantity of both oil and gas produced by the…

  • reservoir
    Petroleum - English

    Geologic Classification of Petroleum Reservoirs

      Petroleum reservoirs exist in many different sizes and shapes of geologic structures. It is usually convenient to classify the reservoirs according to the conditions of their formation as follows: 1. Dome-Shaped and Anticline Reservoirs: These reservoirs are formed by the folding of the rock layers as shown in Figure 1. The dome is circular in outline, and the anticline is long and narrow. Oil and/or gas moved or migrated upward through the porous strata where it was trapped by the sealing cap rock and the shape of the structure.   2. Faulted Reservoirs: These reservoirs are formed by shearing and offsetting of the strata (faulting), as shown in Figure 2. The movement of the nonporous rock opposite the…

  • Petroleum Books Page 3

           this section is for petroleum books such as petroleum production – petroleum industry – petroleum engineering – oil well – gas well and many other books related to oil and natural gas industry.     Fuel Oil Treatment Plant Download    English for Oil Industry download   Gas in Oil Analysis download   Oil and Natural Gas Students Book  55 MB Download    Oil and gas production hand book, 2006 Download   Oil and Gas Royalties Download   Oil and Gas Data Download Introduction to the Global Oil and Gas Business download ABB Oil and Gas Production Handbook download Original Oil and Gas Guide download Introduction to Petroleum Business download…

  • NaturalGas LPG LNG Movies

    a big collection of books about : – Natural Gas. – Shale Gas. – Gas Processing. – Gas Dehydration with Glycol. – Liquefied Natural Gas LNG. – Liquefied Petroleum Gas LPG. – Amine Sweetening. all you have to do is to choose the required book then press on Download word to go directly to the download page. please report BROKEN LINKS to our website team through the contact form here. Hydrocarbon Recovery Unit download   What is Natural Gas Download see this video about Gas Sweetening from our YouTube Channel: Aspects of Natural Gas Processing Download  Overview of a Natural Gas Sweetening Plant Download What is LPG? download  Principles of…

  • LPG LNG Books

    in this section you will find books about these topics: LPG, LNG, liquified natural gas, liquified petroleum gas, LPG shipping, LNG shipping .. etc LPG Units – Engineering Design Guide Download ————————————————————  LNG Transport and Storage Download Introduction to LPG Download LPG presentation download LPG from SPE download Natural Gas to Liquids Download LPG  35.5 MB download LNG Technology Download LPG properties download LPG Technology Download see this video from our YouTube Channel: Fire Protection and Response for LPG Bulk Storage Download recovery of LPG from Gas Condensate Download Understanding the Basics of Liquefied Natural Gas Download World LNG Report 2016   Download Link LNG Custody Transfer Handbook   Download Link LPG…

  • gas detector
    Equipment - Arabic

    How Gas Detector Works

    كيف تعمل متحسسات الغاز؟  How Gas Detector Works? تقوم متحسسات الغاز Gas Detectors بفحص تركيز غازات معينة في الهواء وبتقنيات مختلفة ، مما يمنع حدوث التسمم للأشخاص أو الحرائق للمعدات والمحطات الصناعية ، وتستعمل عادة لأغراض السلامة الصناعية. يتم تصنيعها على شكل محمول Portable Gas Detectors أو ثابت Fixed Type Gas Detectors للحصول على المراقبة المستمرة للمعمل والمعدات وتعمل على إعلام الفني أو المهندس بوجود نسب عالية من الغازات من خلال مؤشرات سمعية أو بصرية تنبه بوجود نسب عالية أو خطرة من هذه الغازات كما هو الحال في أشارات التحذير Alarms في المحطات. وهو وسيلة للتنبيه من حالات حدوث تسرب في الغاز داخل المعمل . كما يوجد نوع ثالث من…