• natural gas
    Natural Gas - English

    Components of Natural Gas other than Methane

          Natural gas is a mixture of methane, with lower amounts of other hydrocarbons and other substances. These other constituents modify the physical and chemical characteristics of natural gas, for example, inert gases make the natural gas heating value lower. The substances that can be in natural gas are: • Carbon dioxide • Nitrogen • Hydrogen sulphide Heavier hydrocarbons which can be separated to give condensate (gasoline) Water vapour is always contained in natural gas. Carbon Dioxide (CO2) The content in CO2 varies from traces to very high amounts. It forms from the reaction of field water with silicates and carbonates. Even a minimal presence of carbon dioxide in natural gas saturated with water forms…

  • Enhanced Oil Recovery

    EOR Books :in this section you will find a collection of books about Enhanced Oil Recovery which is known as EOR, all you have to do is to choose the required book then click on Download word under this book’s name:   Enhanced Oil Recovery “EOR” I – Fundamentals & Analysis Download ———————————————————————-   Enhanced Oil Recovery “EOR” II – Processes & Operations Download   EOR PowerPoint Download   Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery (MEOR) Download  Enhanced Oil Recovery for Heavy Oil and Tar Sands Download  Enhanced Oil Recovery pdf   10.7 MB Download   Improved Oil Recovery  RAR 7.5 MB Download   Enhanced Oil Recovery by CO2 Injection Download   Thermal Recovery of…

  • hydrate
    Natural Gas - English

    Natural Gas Hydrates

    what are Hydrates Introduction to Hydrate Natural gas hydrates are ice-like materials formed under low temperature and high pressure conditions. Natural gas hydrates consist of water molecules interconnected through hydrogen bonds which create an open structural lattice that has the ability to encage smaller hydrocarbons from natural gas or liquid hydrocarbons as guest molecules. Interest in natural gas hydrates as a potential energy resource has grown significantly in recent years as awareness of the volumes of recoverable gas becomes more focused. The size of this resource has significant implications for worldwide energy supplies should it become technically and economically viable to produce. Although great efforts are being made, there are…