• Boiler
    Equipment- English

    what are Boiler Types

    Industrial ,Commercial and Institutional Boilers Combustion boilers are designed to use the chemical energy in fuel to raise the energy content of water so that it can be used for heating and power applications. Many fossil and non-fossil fuels are fired in boilers, but the most common types of fuel include coal, oil, and natural gas. During the combustion process, oxygen reacts with carbon, hydrogen, and other elements in the fuel to produce a flame and hot combustion gases. As these gases are drawn through the boiler, they cool as heat is transferred to water. Eventually the gases flow through a stack and into the atmosphere. As long as fuel and air are both available…

  • Crude Storage Tanks
    Equipment - Arabic

    Crude Tanks Classification

    خزانات النفط الخام يمكن تقسيم الخزانات حسب نوع المادة التي يُصنع منها وتُقسم الى (خزانات معدنية وغير معدنية) ، وتعتبر الخزانات المعدنية من أهم الوحدات الصناعية المستخدمة في صناعة النفط والصناعات الكيمياوية والغذائية وفي الكثير من الصناعات الأخرى. أن وجود الخزانات في هذه الصناعات يلعب دوراً مهماً في الأقتصاد القومي للبلد لما تمثله من أهمية صناعية. يمكن تقسيم الخزانات وفقاً لعدة معايير وهي: مكان نصبه –نوع المنتوج – الشكل – الهيكلية أو طريقة النصب – سعة الخزان.. 1. تصنيف الخزانات من حيث مكان النصب: يمكن أن تقسم الخزانات وفقاً لهذا التصنيف الى: الخزانات تحت الأرض (غير المدفونة) – الخزانات فوق سطح الأرض. 2. تصنيف الخزانات من حيث نوع المنتوج: يمكن…

  • petroleum Information
    Petroleum - Arabic

    Petroleum Information

    معلومات البترول قمنا بإنشاء هذه الصفحة التي تعتبر امتداداً لصفحتنا على الفيسبوك (صفحة معلومات البترول) . ستكون هذه الصفحة صفحة تفاعلية من خلال الأجابة على أستفساراتكم التي تتعلق بمجالات النفط والغاز الطبيعي المختلفة والتي يمكنكم وضعها من خلال التعليقات وسنحاول جاهدين الأجابة عليها وتعزيزها بالصور والمخططات التوضيحية. نتمنى لكم الفائدة مع هذا المقال التفاعلي . ماهو النفط الخام؟   هو سائل اسود مائل للاخضرار، ويتركب من خليط معقد من المركبات الكيمياوية التي تُشّكل المواد الهيدروكربونية (والتي تتركب أساساً من الكربون والهيدروجين) النسبة الأكبر منها، بالأضافة الى مواد أخرى مثل (الكبريت ، النتروجين ، الأوكسجين) ، وأصل كلمة البترول هو كلمة لاتينية تعني زيت الصخور. والجدول التالي يبين مكونات النفط .…

  • valves
    Equipment- English

    What are the types of Valves

    Written By: Kashif Zaman Usafzaie‎‏ Valves Uses: Valves are used for: 1. Full flow of full throttle: Which is the wide range of valves use, because valves are designed in a way that reduce pressure losses for fluids passing through these valves, diaphragm valve is used with dangerous and toxic liquids. 2. Flow regulating: Sometimes, we need to regulate flow by changing the valve position between fully open and fully closed and throttling the valve reducing the flow, this is accomplished by using control valves. 3. One-way flow: Sometimes, we need to prevent liquids in the reverse way, this type of valves is installed at pump or compressor discharge lines to…

  • drilling

    Schlumberger drilling CDs free download

    Schlumberger Drilling Course the biggest source ever about oil well drilling, from the biggest company in the oil industry fields. it helps you to understand the drilling process fro the beginning, in other words; it is an “A to Z drilling course” , With highly interactive show with visual and vocal effects illustrating drilling  and other topics related to oil production. it will give you a Complete training for understanding oil production. the cd’s are explained in 6 languages: – Arabic – English – French – Spanish – Indonesian – Portuguese As usual, AONG website provide this useful series for our users, in FREE direct links, with NO ads, you will find…

  • wellhead choke valve
    Equipment- English

    what does choke valve mean

    Most Common Choke Valves: •Positive: –Fixed orifice. –Disassemble to change bean. •Adjustable: –Provides variable orifice size through external adjustment. A choke is a restriction in a flow line that causes a pressure drop or reduces the rate of flow. It commonly uses a partially blocked orifice or flow path. Variable Chokes – good for bringing wells on gradually and optimizing natural gas lift flow in some cases. Prone to washouts from high velocity, particles, droplets. Solutions – hardened chokes (carbide components), chokes in series, dual chokes on the well head. Beans are fixed (non adjustable) orifices – ID size is in 64ths of an inch. Choke Uses •Control Flow –…

  • Exam
    Exams and Interviews

    Baker Hughes Exam for Petroleum Engineers

    Petroleum Exam Questions : in this post you will find a collection of questions asked in Baker Hughes Interview: 1. Voltage of normal dry cell battery used for baby toys, clock… etc is: (….). – (1.5 volts) 2. In a diesel engine what actually ignites the fuel? – Spark plugs – Compression – Expansion – Glow plug 3. Speed of light is: (….) m/sec. – c = 3 X 108 m/s 4. Rock types are: (…,…., and…). 1- Igneous. 2- Sedimentary. 3 –Metamorphic. 5. Atom can be defined as: (….) – The atom is a basic unit of matter that consists of a dense central nucleus surrounded by a cloud…

  • Cetane numebr
    Miscellaneous -English

    The Importance of Cetane Number in Diesel Fuel

    What is Cetane Number? Cetane Number is a measure of the ignition quality of a diesel fuel. It is often mistaken as a measure of fuel quality. Cetane number is actually a measure of a fuel’s ignition delay. This is the time period between the start of injection and start of combustion (ignition) of the fuel. In a particular diesel engine, higher cetane fuels will have shorter ignition delay periods than lower cetane fuels. Cetane number should not be considered alone when evaluating diesel fuel quality. API gravity, BTU content, distillation range, sulfur content, stability and flash point are also very important. In colder weather, cloud point and low temperature…

  • Job Interview
    Exams and Interviews

    Maximizing Your Job Interview Skills

      in this article we will discuss the things needed to pass the job interview. What is a Behavior Based Interview? ♦ A structured interviewing style based on questions designed to probe past behavior in specific situations. ♦ Focuses on experience, behaviors, knowledge, skills and abilities related to the position. ♦ Used to get an idea of how an individual will manage duties based on their past behavior Note: Past behavior is the best predictor of future performance. Behavioral Interview Behavioral questions are more probing and more specific than traditional interview questions. Behavioral: “Tell me about your greatest achievement? Behavioral: “What did you do when…?” Traditional Interview Traditional interview questions are more hypothetical rather than focusing on past events. Traditional: “Tell me about yourself?” Traditional: “What would you do…

  • hydrate inhibition injection
    Natural Gas - English

    Hydrate inhibitor injection system

    Hydrate Inhibitors The use of inhibitors is a common practice adopted in gas fields. The reasons are that the well fluids are almost always water saturated and at a rather high pressure. Therefore the cooling due to the fluid throttling at the wellhead choke valves and along the pipeline up to the oil or gas center make it necessary to check if any risk of hydrate formation is to be considered. And, very often, measures to avoid hydrates are to be taken. Generally,   inhibitors are used and the most commonly used inhibitors are: ethylene glycol (EG), diethylene (DEG) and methanol (MeOH). These compounds are injected at the wellhead. At the end of the pipeline,…

  • well logging questions
    Exams and Interviews

    Well Logging Questions and Answers

    some useful exam and interview questions about Well Logging Well logging methods? – GR log – Electric logs SP log Resistivity log . -Porosity logs Density log Neutron log Sonic log -Caliper log -Dipmeter log -Thermal log How do we measure the Mud cake thickness? Using caliper log. The most common tools used to determine hydrocarbon are: • Sonic, gamma rays. • Resistivity and Neutron density. • Dipmeter, borehole geometry tool. 10 Petro physical Computation is performed on a ( Any data. b) Raw data. c) Data after EnvironmentalCorrection 1when SP cannot measure  Because a conductive fluid is needed in the bore hole for the SP log to operate,…

  • geology
    Exams and Interviews

    Petroleum Companies Exam for Geologists – Questions and Answers

    Petroleum geology 1 Define Crest culmination It is the highest point in the trap Spill point It is the lowest point in the trap at which H.C. may be contained, it lies at a horizontal contour on a horizontal plane Closure The vertical distance from the crest to the spill point. Bottom water It is the zone immediately beneath the petroleum Edge zone It is the zone of the reservoir laterally adjacent to the trap. The pay It is the productive reservoir within the trap Gross pay It is the vertical distance from the top of the reservoir to the oil water contact. Net pay It is the cumulative vertical…