• LNG plant
    Natural Gas - English

    LNG Liquefaction and Purification Processes

    Introduction to LNG Processes  The refrigeration and liquefaction sections of any LNG project are very costly items of equipment. A number of cycles have been developed to achieve the low temperatures required. Brief descriptions of a small number of process routes will be give. Some twelve countries were operating by 2003. The cycles employed are the classical cascade, the mixed refrigerant and the propane pre-cooled mixed refrigerant. The process selected must ensure high onstream factors, reliability of equipment, flexibility and ease of operations and guaranteed capacities. Small differences in projected thermodynamic efficiencies are usually less than the uncertainties in equipment performance. A proper choice must be made between the use of…

  • LNG ship
    Natural Gas - English

    Converting Natural Gas to LNG

    LNG Natural gas, which is comprised primarily of methane, is one of our most abundant natural resources, both domestic and abroad. Unfortunately, many of the natural gas reservoirs are located in relatively remote areas, or offshore, and high transportation costs tend to prohibit extensive use of this potentially valuable resource. To overcome this limitation, the Department of Energy’s Federal Energy Technology Center (FETC) has developed a highly diversified research program to evaluate, promote and develop processes that convert natural gas, methane, into higher value products (i.e., liquid fuels) which will offset the high transportation costs and allow use of this untapped, environmentally friendly resource. By advancing technologies to convert unmarketable gas resources into valuable products, cooperative efforts…

  • gas market
    Natural Gas - Arabic

    Natural Gas Markets

    سوق الغاز الطبيعي یعد الغاز من مصادر الطاقة النظیفة بعد النفط ، وقد كان لایشكل الا نسبة ضئیلة من مصادر الطاقة لاتتجاوز ٠.٣ % عام ١٩٣٨ ارتفعت الآن الى ٢٤ % . وترجع حصة الغاز المتواضعة في الماضي الى عدد من الاسباب الفنیة والاقتصادیة ، كتو افر كمیات كبیرة من النفط بأسعار منخفضة مقارنة بالغاز الذي یحتاج الى رؤوس اموال كبیرة ، والسبب الآخر هو صعوبة السیطرة على الغاز ولذلك كان یحرق بحكم توافر الفرصة البدیلة امام الشركات النفطیة . ولكن التطور التكنولوجي الهائل قد انعكس على استغلال الغاز من حیث ظهور وسائل حدیثة لنقل الغاز بالانابیب او الناقلات ، فضلا عن زیادة كمیات الاحتیاطي المكتشف من الغاز في العالم ، وتزاید اعتماد العدید من الصناعات…

  • NaturalGas LPG LNG Movies

    a big collection of books about : – Natural Gas. – Shale Gas. – Gas Processing. – Gas Dehydration with Glycol. – Liquefied Natural Gas LNG. – Liquefied Petroleum Gas LPG. – Amine Sweetening. all you have to do is to choose the required book then press on Download word to go directly to the download page. please report BROKEN LINKS to our website team through the contact form here. Hydrocarbon Recovery Unit download   What is Natural Gas Download see this video about Gas Sweetening from our YouTube Channel: Aspects of Natural Gas Processing Download  Overview of a Natural Gas Sweetening Plant Download What is LPG? download  Principles of…

  • LPG LNG Books

    in this section you will find books about these topics: LPG, LNG, liquified natural gas, liquified petroleum gas, LPG shipping, LNG shipping .. etc LPG Units – Engineering Design Guide Download ————————————————————  LNG Transport and Storage Download Introduction to LPG Download LPG presentation download LPG from SPE download Natural Gas to Liquids Download LPG  35.5 MB download LNG Technology Download LPG properties download LPG Technology Download see this video from our YouTube Channel: Fire Protection and Response for LPG Bulk Storage Download recovery of LPG from Gas Condensate Download Understanding the Basics of Liquefied Natural Gas Download World LNG Report 2016   Download Link LNG Custody Transfer Handbook   Download Link LPG…

  • LNG ship
    Natural Gas - Arabic

    Liquefied Natural Gas LNG Arabic

    الغاز الطبيعي المُسال Liquefied Natural Gas LNG المهندس حمادة عمر الغاز الطبيعي المسال (بالإنكليزية: Liquefied natural gas أو LNG) هو غاز طبيعي تمت معالجتهت وإسالته بالتبريد. يتم استخراج الغاز من حقول النفط والغاز ثم ينقل عبر أنابيب خاصة إلى منشأة المعالجة حيث تتم عمليات معالجة إضافية, تبريد, وإسالة الغاز تحت الظروف الجوية. بدأت فكرة إسالة الغاز عام 1914 في الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية كبراءة اختراع وفي عام 1917 قامت بريطانيا بأول عملية تجارية غرب فيرجينيا إلا أن الاستغلال الفعلي للغاز أخذ مجراه عندما وقعت بريطانيا عقداً مدته خمسة عشر عاماً مع الجزائر عام 1961 لتزويد الأولى بأقل من حوالي مليون طن من الغاز الطبيعي المسال سنوياً. بعد ذلك انتشرت عمليات الغاز…

  • gas market
    Natural Gas - English

    Natural Gas to Liquids GTL

    GTL: GTL means Gas to Liquids. A whole range of fuels can be produced from Natural gas by partial oxidation to synthesis gas (a mixture of H2 and CO) and subsequent conversion of this gas • 1993 – Shell pioneered the GTL business at their Shell Middle Distillate Synthesis Plant in Bintulu. In this plant Naphtha, Kerosene and Fischer Tropsch Diesel (FTD) were produced apart from other specialized products Gas to Liquids: A New Frontier for Natural Gas: The relatively high world crude oil prices have drawn attention to the potential for developing previously uneconomical natural gas reserves, such as associated gas or stranded gas. Converting these resources to liquids…

  • gas market
    Natural Gas - English

    Gas Markets, Gas Applications and Feedstock

        The natural gas market world-wide is huge. Although there is a need to provide a standardized gas such that all the end users’ gas burners will function as intended, there are regional differences in specifications. The US market has this challenge that makes the interchangeability of gases difficult, and the cost and feasibility of standardizing has been considered but discarded. In the UK, however, a similar conversion was done area by area in the 1960s and 1970s as the market was converted from ‘town gas’ to ‘North Sea gas’. (Town gas was synthesized by gasification of coal.) Town gas was common in Europe until the advent of gas…

  • LNG
    Natural Gas - English

    What is LNG?

    What is LNG? Liquefied natural gas, or LNG, is natural gas in its liquid form. When natural gas is cooled to minus 259 degrees Fahrenheit (-161 degrees Celsius), it becomes a clear, colorless, odorless liquid. LNG is neither corrosive nor toxic. Natural gas is primarily methane, with low concentrations of other hydrocarbons, water, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, oxygen and some sulfur compounds. During the process known as liquefaction, natural gas is cooled below its boiling point, removing most of these compounds. The remaining natural gas is primarily methane with only small amounts of other hydrocarbons. LNG weighs less than half the weight of water so it will float if spilled on…