Category «Equipment- English»

Smart Instruments and Systems

Smart Instruments and Systems By Akram S. Alkhuzaie Introduction: Smart Transmitters are advancement over conventional analog transmitters. They contain microprocessors as an integral unit within the device. These devices have built-in diagnostic ability, greater accuracy (due to digital compensation of sensor nonlinearities), and the ability to communicate digitally with host devices for reporting of various process …

what are Boiler Types

Boiler

Industrial ,Commercial and Institutional Boilers Combustion boilers are designed to use the chemical energy in fuel to raise the energy content of water so that it can be used for heating and power applications. Many fossil and non-fossil fuels are fired in boilers, but the most common types of fuel include coal, oil, and natural gas. During …

What are the types of Valves

valves

Written By: Kashif Zaman Usafzaie‎‏ Valves Uses: Valves are used for: 1. Full flow of full throttle: Which is the wide range of valves use, because valves are designed in a way that reduce pressure losses for fluids passing through these valves, diaphragm valve is used with dangerous and toxic liquids. 2. Flow regulating: Sometimes, we …

what does choke valve mean

wellhead choke valve

Most Common Choke Valves: •Positive: –Fixed orifice. –Disassemble to change bean. •Adjustable: –Provides variable orifice size through external adjustment. A choke is a restriction in a flow line that causes a pressure drop or reduces the rate of flow. It commonly uses a partially blocked orifice or flow path. Variable Chokes – good for bringing …

Pump Course CD

centrifugal pump

Pump Course CD in this course you will find all about Pumps, it is a very informative course about pumps, because we think every petroleum and natural gas engineer should know a lot of information about pumps, we give you this course for FREE, and here are its features: Over 70 pumps are animated and explained! …

Pipeline Design

pipeline

      The major steps in pipeline system design involve establishment of critical pipeline performance objectives and critical engineering design parameters such as: • Required throughput (volume per unit time for most petroleum products; pounds per unit time for petrochemical feedstocks); • Origin and destination points; •Product properties such as viscosity and specific gravity; •Topography of pipeline …

Vessels

what are the types of vessels? Horizontal Tanks (HT) Horizontal vessels are commonly used as settling drums, surge tanks, reactors and distillate drums. A settling drum is used for phase separation between two immiscible liquids. The L/D ratio of a settling drum is normally four. A surge tank or surge drum is used to maintain a constant …