Oil Gas Separator

Liquid Carry-over and Gas-blowby in oil gas separators

Petroleum - English

      when we talk about oil gas separators in the modern designs of GOPS, the designers took into consideration all operation problems, by adding high sensitivity control valves, and accurate pressure and level indicators which decreased these problems to the minimum, most operation problems now are occurring because of bad operation, human mistakes, or […]

H2S

H2S in Oil Industry

Petroleum - English

    Introduction This article impacts on human health caused by exposure to hydrogen sulfide (H2S) associated with crude oil and natural gas development. It begins with a brief background on hydrogen sulfide, its presence in oil and natural gas, and possible emission sources from various oil and gas operations. epidemiology, and industrial health publications, as well as […]

sand control

Sand Control

Petroleum - English

  Consequences of sand production: • Wellbore fill. • Equipment problems due to sand fill. • Sand erosion of downhole and surface equipment. • Sand accumulation on surface and Sand Disposal. • Production Loss. • Casing / Liner Collapse. Forces Aiding in Resisting Sand Production: • Intergranular frictional forces and bonding (cementing) help resist grain movement • Capillary […]

Trading Natural Gas, Oil and Gasoline

Trading

  Energy commodities can be traded. You can trade gasoline, natural gas and even heating oil commodities. Energy is a broad term which can mean any commodity that is used as power. You’ll be able to trade in the same oil that powers your home’s heating, gasoline for automobiles and any other form of energy. […]

cementing

Oil Well Cementing Functions, Classes and Equipment

Drilling

    Functions of cement –  Restriction of fluid movement between permeable zones –  Provision of mechanical support of the casing string –  Protection of casing from corrosion –  Support of the well-bore walls to prevent collapse of formations The manufacture and composition of cement –  Raw material from calcareous and argillaceous rocks (limestone, clay, shale […]

gasoline

What is Gasoline

Miscellaneous -English

Gasoline Gasoline (also referred to as motor gasoline, petrol in Britain, benzine in Europe) is a mixture of volatile, flammable liquid hydrocarbons derived from petroleum that is used as fuel for internal combustion engines such as occur in motor vehicles, excluding aircraft The boiling range of motor gasoline falls between –1°C (30°F) and 216°C (421°F) and has […]

pipeline

Pipeline Design

Equipment- English

      The major steps in pipeline system design involve establishment of critical pipeline performance objectives and critical engineering design parameters such as: • Required throughput (volume per unit time for most petroleum products; pounds per unit time for petrochemical feedstocks); • Origin and destination points; •Product properties such as viscosity and specific gravity; •Topography of pipeline […]

what is Centrifugal Compressor

Equipment- English

Figure 1 shows the basic components of a centrifugal compressor. Impellers are mounted on a horizontal shaft. They are the primary rotating elements that impart velocity to the gas. Impellers are also called wheels. Diffusers are stationary elements mounted in the compressor casing. There is one diffuser downstream of each impeller. The diffuser converts velocity to […]

well completion

Well Completion Concepts

Drilling

      Porosity Porosity is the fraction of the total volume of the rock that is pore (non rock) space or void and not made of solid pieces of the formation. It will be filled with a gas, water or hydrocarbon or two or more at the same time. Porosity will range from a high […]

gate valve

Valve Types

Equipment- English

      GENERAL In industrial piping, the control of flow is very important. Mechanical devices used for flow control are called valves. The principal functions of valves are: · Starting and Stopping Flow · Regulating or Throttling Flow · Preventing Back Flow · Regulating Pressure · Relieving Pressure Steel valves are classified by nominal pipe […]

Iraq Oil

Iraq Oil History

Petroleum - Arabic

تاريخ انتاج النفط في العراق عقيل الشويلي        تعود محاولات انتاج النفط في العراق الى القرن التاسع عشر حيث كان الالمان هم اول من حاول استكشاف النفط في العراق في الفترة (1860-1880) حيث استقدمهم والي بغداد العثماني مدحت باشا وقاموا بإنشاء مصفى في بعقوبة لتصفية النفط المستخرج من مندلي وفي عام 1882قام السلطان […]

oilfield

Oil Reservoir Administration

Petroleum - Arabic

ادارة الحقول النفطية المهندس عقيل الشويلي تعتبر عملية استثمار الحقول النفطية من ضمن عمليات الانتاج التي تتضمن عدة نقاط جوهرية يجب ان يدركها العاملين في هذا القطاع اهمها : اولا : كيف يتم الانتاج ؟ وماهي الخطوات العملية للانتاج .؟ ثانيا : ماهي الكمية والنوع للمنتج ؟ ثالثا : لمن الانتاج ..؟ من الذي سيجني ثمار […]