• Drilling
    Drilling

    Testing of Drilling Systems

        Drilling Fluids To properly control the hole cleaning, suspension, and filtration properties of a drilling fluid, testing of the fluid properties is done on a daily basis. Most tests are conducted at the rig site, and procedures are set forth in the API RPB13B. Testing of water-based fluids and nonaqueous fluids can be similar, but variations of procedures occur due to the nature of the fluid being tested. Water-Base Muds Testing To accurately determine the physical properties of water-based drilling fluids, examination of the fluid is required in a field laboratory setting. In many cases, this consists of a few simple tests conducted by the derrickman or mud Engineer at the rigsite. The procedures for conducting…

  • oilfield
    Petroleum - English

    Oil Well Planning

    How to plan for an Oil Well? Drilling optimization requires detailed engineering in all aspects of oil well planning, drilling implementation, and post-run evaluation Effective well planning optimizes the boundaries, concstraints, learning, nonproductive time, and limits and uses new technologies as well as tried and true methods. Use of decision support packages, which document the reasoning behind the decision-making, is key to shared learning and continuous improvement processes. It is critical to anticipate potential difficulties, to understand their consequences, and to be prepared with contingency plans. Post-run evaluation is required to capture learning. Many of the processes used are the same as used during the well planning phase, but are conducted using new data from the recent drilling…

  • oil well
    Drilling

    Well Pressure Control

        Basically all formations penetrated during drilling are porous and permeable to some degree. Fluids contained in pore spaces are under pressure that is overbalanced by the drilling fluid pressure in the well bore. The borehole pressure is equal to the hydrostatic pressure plus the friction pressure loss in the annulus. If for some reason the borehole pressure falls below the formation fluid pressure, the formation fluids can enter the well. Such an event is known as a kick. This name is associated with a rather sudden flowrate increase observed at the surface. SURFACE EQUIPMENT A formation gas or fluid kick can be efficiently and safely controlled if the…